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October 04, 2011


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Account Deleted

Yes, the gain of G1 must be high.. Feedback networks can also be employed to improve the gain (G1)which will help in improving the SNR..

Joel Koltner

One potentially non-obvious point with the simplistic "make G1 high!" approach is that you have to *keep the gain from the input to ALL points in the signal path reasonably high*. I.e., if at any point in the signal path G1*G2*G3*...etc... heads back down to something approaching one, noise again adds directly as if it were present at the source.

This problem is typically seen in (arguably) poorly designed RF front ends, where someone had an overload problem and just added a big attenuator to try to fix it. In fact, the usual problem with designing good front ends is balancing gain distribution with overload protection -- based on presentations such as this one, some people come off with the mistaken idea that "as much gain as possible as soon as possible" is a good idea when, in actuality, if anything it's usually better to give up a little bit of system noise figure and lump the bulk of your gain towards the back end of a system in a "general purpose" receiver so that you have decent dynamic range/overload protection.

Frank Walker

Bandlimiting is of similar importance, I have been privy to more than a handful of designs which had very sensible gain topologies but did not properly tailor the bandwidth at the gain stage.

Noise Figure

Thanks for your sharing this information.

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